Health and Sanitation Practices and Academic Performance of Grade VI Pupils

The provision                     of health sanitation is a key development intervention – without it, ill health dominates a life without dignity. Simply having access to sanitation increases health, well-being and economic productivity. Inadequate sanitation impacts individuals, households, communities and countries. Despite its importance, achieving real gains in sanitation coverage has been slow. Achieving the internationally agreed targets for sanitation and hygiene poses a significant challenge to the global community and can only be accomplished if action is taken now. Low-cost, appropriate technologies are available. Effective program management approaches have been developed. Political will and concerted actions by all stakeholders can improve the lives of millions of people in the immediate future.

Nearly 40 percent of the world’s population (2.4 billion) has no access to hygienic means of personal sanitation. World Health  (WHO) estimates that 1.8 million people die each year from   diseases, 200 million people are infected with schistosomiasis and more than 1 billion people suffer from soil-transmitted   infections. A Special Session on Children of the United Nations General Assembly (2002) reported that nearly 5,500 children die every day from diseases caused by contaminated food and water because of health and sanitation malpractice.

Increasing access to sanitation and improving hygienic   are keys to reducing this enormous disease burden. In addition, such changes would increase school attendance, especially for girls, and help school children to learn better. They could also have a major effect on the economies of many countries – both rich and poor – and on the empowerment of women. Most of these benefits would accrue in developing nations.

The global community has set ambitious targets for improving access to sanitation by 2015. Achieving these goals will have a dramatic impact on the lives of hundreds of millions of the world’s poorest people and will open the door to further economic development for tens of thousands of communities. Access to adequate sanitation literally signifies crossing the most critical barrier to a life of dignity and of basic needs.

This study determined the health and sanitation practices of the Grade VI pupils in selected public schools in the district of , Province of  Philippines. This research undertaking  the descriptive correlation method of research to establish the influence of the profile variables on the respondents’ health practices, sanitation practices, and their academic performance, as well as the relationship between health and sanitation practices with academic performance. The following are the significant findings of the study:

Twenty five or 37.31 percent of the respondents are 12 years old; 41 or 61.19 percent are female; 47 or 70.14 percent are Roman Catholics; 22 or 32.84 percent are   20 or 20.89 of the respondents’ fathers reached elementary school level; 21 or 31.34 percent of their mothers are college graduates; 50 or 74.63 percent of their fathers are farmers; 38 or 56.72 percent are housekeepers; 34 or 50.75 percent have family income of 5,000.00 and below; 38 or 56.72 percent have 4 to 6 family members; 36 or 53.73 percent have 2 sanitation facilities; and 42 or 62.69 received 5

Health practices in the school obtained a grand mean of 3.89; 3.90 for health practices in the home; and 3.62 for health practices in the community, all qualitatively described as very satisfactory. The respondents perceived their sanitation practices in the school as very satisfactory with a grand mean of 3.44; also very satisfactory for sanitation practices in the home with 3.55; and again, very satisfactory for sanitation practices in the community, with 3.26 grand mean.

The perceived health practices of the respondents in the home significantly differ when they are grouped according to father’s educational attainment, mother’s educational attainment, father’s occupation, mother’s occupation, family monthly income, type of dwelling, and number of sanitation facilities as evidenced by the computed t-test and F-test results of 2.39, 2.64, 3.19, 3.28, 2.93, 3.18, and 3.19 respectively which are higher than the critical value at 0.05 level of significance. On the other hand, age, gender, mother’s educational attainment, mother’s occupation, type of dwelling, and number of sanitation facilities caused significant differences in the perceived health practices of the respondents in the school as shown by the computed t-test and F-test results of 3.15, 2.03, 2.39, 3.18, 3.16, and 3.74, respectively; all are higher than the critical values at 0.05 level of significance. Significant differences were also noted in the respondents’ health practices in the community when they are grouped according to ethnicity, father’s educational attainment, mother’s educational attainment, father’s occupation, mother’s occupation, family monthly income, number of sanitation facilities, and number of received because the computed t-test and F-test results of 2.76, 2.37, 2.41, 3.148, 3.16, 2.79, 3.26, and 3.17 respectively are higher that the critical values at 0.05 level of significance.

There exists a significant difference in the respondents’ sanitation practices in the home when they are grouped according to gender, ethnicity, father’s educational attainment, mother’s educational attainment, family monthly income, type of dwelling, and number of sanitation facilities because the computed values of t-test and F-test results of 2.05, 2.79, 2.37, 2.51, 2.78, 3.29, and 3.16 respectively are higher than the critical values at 0.05 level of significance. Moreover, gender, ethnicity, father’s educational attainment, mother’s educational attainment, family monthly income and number of sanitation practices caused significant variation in the respondents sanitation practices in the school as evidenced by the computed values of 2.15, 2.81, 2.42, 2.87, 2.83, and 3.79 respectively; all are also higher than the critical values at 0.05 level of significance. On the other hand, the respondents perception of their sanitation practices in the community differs when they are grouped according to gender, father’s educational attainment, mother’s educational attainment, father’s occupation, mother’s occupation, family monthly income and number of sanitation facilities since the computed t-test and F-test results of 2.06, 2.37, 2.41, 3.17, 3.148, 2.78, and 3.25 respectively are higher than the critical values at 0.05 level of significance.

There exists a significant difference in the respondents’ academic achievements when grouped according to gender, as indicated by the computed value of 2.27, which is higher than 1.99 critical values. Father’s and mother’s educational attainment with the computed values of 2.74 and 2.64, respectively, both higher than the critical value of 2.368, and their occupation with 3.17 and 3.27, respectively both higher than the critical value of 3.142 constitute significant variance in the respondents’ academic performance. Family monthly income and number of i  received, with the computed values of 2.86 and 3.19, respectively which are higher than the critical values of 2.754 and 3.142, respectively significantly differentiated the respondents’ academic performances.


Pet grooming must be attended

In terms of pet grooming, you can opt to do it on your own but hiring a professional dog groomer service is always the better option if you have the means because they are tailored to do this. Also, you can be assured that your pet is in good hands and you will also be able to identify any problems that have gone unnoticed.

Among the most common pet grooming services are nail trimming, ear cleaning, hair brushing or hair removal, haircut, tooth brushing, and many other specialized pet grooming services. If let’s say you have a pet dog, it is important to trim their nails because it may split or break on its own, or could hurt the dog’s tender pad. Also, it could damage your home furniture’s or hurt you when your dog tries to play around with you.

When it comes to ear cleaning, it is important for the same reasons it is for humans – to prevent infection, possible infestation of parasite, as well as buildup of excessive earwax. All the other pet grooming services like hair removal, haircut, or shampooing are all aimed at keeping your pet’s skin and fur healthy and clean at all times. Not only does it help reduce discomfort on the pet’s part, it also helps prevent painful matting.

Just like toothbrush does for humans, regularly brushing your pet’s teeth helps prevent tartar and maintains their fresh breath. As much as there are specialized shampoos and soaps available in the market today, several toothbrush and toothpaste products available out there that is specially designed for your pets.

Enlisting a professional pet grooming service is definitely an advantage because they have been tailored to take care of your pets, in a professional way. Meanwhile, they have been certified in terms of customer care and quality of service, so you can be assured that your pets are in safe hands when you render them to their care. However, how you take care and look after your pets will still largely determine their welfare because after all they are your responsibility.

Pet grooming must be attended on a regular basis in order to maintain a healthy and great looking disposition for your pets. But probably the most obvious reason for making sure that your pets are well-groomed and clean at all times is that you constantly interact with them. Whatever germs they have because you have failed to take good care of them can be easily transmitted to the owner. Now, there can’t be any more obvious reason for making pet grooming a priority now.


The Integral Role of Physician Assistants in Modern Health Care

Physician                         assistants have been around since the and at first they served to bring medical care to a larger population in places where there weren’t enough physicians available. Since that time, the role of physician  care, and their pay reflects this, with the median annual salary at over $80,000.

Physicians hire   to work closely with them, and they delegate various medical duties to the PA that are relevant to the physician’s practice and that fall under the scope of the assistant’s training and experience. The various state medical boards allow physicians to have broad   authority when it comes to their allowing practices to be flexible, efficient, and to provide the best possible care for patients. In hospitals, have certain clinical privileges that they earn through a system similar to that used with physicians. In all 50 states, Washington DC, and Guam,  have authority to prescribe medications.

The  keeps track of the practice settings that employ   , and recorded that in 2008, around 43% of  third worked in hospitals, and the remainder worked in community health   rural clinics, nursing homes, outpatient surgical facilities, college and university based facilities, correctional facilities, and industrial settings. About one-fourth o  family and general medicine, with another quarter   in general surgery and surgical  Other PA   include general internal medicine  emergency medicine, obstetrics and  , occupational medicine, and dermatology.

Most physician assistant programs require a minimum of two years of college study, and most require health care experience prior to admission to a program. Before applying to a PA training program, prospective students should have course work in anatomy, biology, chemistry, nutrition, medical terminology, college level mathematics, physiology, and social sciences. In the US, there are more than 140 accredited PA programs, most of which are associated with two and four-year colleges of medicine or allied health. Application deadlines usually occur between November and March, with the programs themselves starting from May to September, depending on the educational institution.

Most physicians assistant programs take about two years to complete. During the first year, the student completes mostly classroom studies in the essential sciences like anatomy, physiology, and microbiology. During the second year of studies, the PA student participates in clinical rotations in various private and institutional settings. Clinical rotations generally include family medicine, internal medicine, emergency medicine,  , geriatrics, obstetrics and  general surgery,  psychiatry and radiology. After graduation from a physician assistant program,   take the national certifying exam that’s given by the National Commission on Certification of Physician Assistants. After qualifying,   must participate in 100 hours of continuing medical education courses every two years to keep up with medical advances. They must also take   exams every six years.




Become An Engaged Listener

Why become an engaged listener?

For most people, communication is all about speaking. Not many realize that listening to the speaker is as important in forming an effective communication chain. There is a sea of a difference between a simple listener and an engaged listener. The former merely receives the words, information and context of the speaker; whereas the latter also takes into account the emotional value they are trying to communicate. An engaged listener can detect the slight variations in the speaker’s voice and the intonations that underline his emotional state. This allows him to understand the true meaning of what the speaker is trying to communicate. This in turn can help you empathize and relate to the speaker in a better way, which will definitely set the right tone in your relationship.

So how do you become an engaged listener?

If you are genuinely interested in what a person is trying to say or you deeply care about the person in one way or the other, listening in an engaged manner comes naturally to you. For those of us with a fleeting attention span or who can’t seem to get to the bottom of the speaker’s minds, the below tips can go a long way in helping them be an engaged listener.

· Pay undivided attention to the speaker: You need to give your complete attention to the speaker; the words he speak, his subtle intonations, hand gestures, body language, his eyes and anything about him that is trying to convey one thing or the other. Chances are that if you take it all in carefully, you will find yourself falling in sync with the speaker very soon. If he is speaking too fast or is disoriented, try repeating the messages over in your head and put it all together to draw a logical conclusion.

· No interruptions: Most people have the unhealthy habit of interrupting a speaker and trying to narrate a similar experience they had. This not only breaks the speaker’s rhythm, it will also check the natural flow of thought. The moment your mind starts going down memory lane in search of similar memories, it shows on your face and the speaker feels you are not interested in what he is saying.

· Display interest: Make sure you verbally and non-verbally egg on the speaker just to let him know you follow his train of thought. A simple smile or a facial expression every now and then can do the trick.



What Exhibition Design Firms Should Do

If you are in the process of hiring an exhibition design firm and are unsure what the company should do for you, then it is important that you continue reading. Not all design firms are going to provide the same service. Some have years of experience and know the importance of getting to know their clients. When it comes to choosing an exhibition design firm, then there are certain factors you want to ensure are being handled effectively to provide you with a booth that is going to make an impact, attract potential customers and help you improve your brand visibility moving forward.

The first thing any good exhibition design firm will do is get to know your business. They will work with you to learn as much as they can about your company, your goals and your products and services. This will help them come up with an innovative design that will portray your company in a positive light.

Next ensure any company you choose has experience working with companies in your particular industry. Every industry is different and designs that work for one industry are not going to work for others. Choosing a company that has a firm understanding of your industry helps them help you boost your brand in the future. They will be able to work with your company, focusing on your business and industry to ensure that you achieve results moving forward.

In addition to this, they should take the time to learn more about your customers and your target audience. Remember what appeals to a younger generation is not necessary going to appeal to an older generation. A booth designed to attract the attention of females, is not going to appeal to the male population, a serious issue if the majority of your customers are men. This means that the company needs to take the time to learn about your clients, so that they can come up with a creative design that is going to make a statement and grab your potential customers attention at all times.

Further, a good exhibition design firm will take the time to complete a thorough competitor analysis. Understanding your competitors can help them come up with something that dominates your industry. With their knowledge and experience when it comes to booth design, they should know the style of booths used by your competitors in the past, this ensures that at this event and events in the future, you will have a booth that really stands out and exceeds not only your expectations but the expectations of your potential customers.

Any exhibition design firm you choose should be creative in their designs. They should be willing to share their portfolio with you, enabling you to see work they have completed in the past. They should provide you with references, enabling you to use their services with complete peace of mind.


Primary Care Physician or Specialist

Many                           patients who get sick wonder if they should make an appointment with a primary care physician or a specialist. General practitioners diagnose and treat a wide range of health maladies for their patients. Their patients may be newborn babies, teenagers, or the elderly. Specialists, on the other hand, focus on one area of treatment or one age group. Some examples are

Oncologists are doctors who diagnose and treat cancer in their patients. They focus purely on this disease although have patients in every age range and with all types of  and malignancies. Cardiologists are specialists who focus on the cardiovascular systems which include the heart, blood vessels, and lungs.   focus on the musculoskeletal portions of the body. If you have a broken bone, this is the MD you would see. Obstetricians are doctors who monitor pregnant   and deliver babies ‘ treatment focus is on the reproductive tracts of female patients. While a primary care physician could also diagnose and treat many of these conditions and illnesses, he or she would likely refer you to a specialist when your needs are out of his or her range of expertise.

by Age Groups

are doctors who diagnose and treat children. Their patients are newborns through adolescents. Some kids see the same  throughout their childhood and teen years. When they become an adult, they switch to a primary care physician who treats mainstream adults. Elderly individuals have specific health concerns that may be optimally addressed by geriatric specialists. When humans age, their skin, muscles, bones, organs, and minds change in various ways. It’s sometimes helpful to have a specialist with a firm grasp on  and elder concerns.

General Practitioner

Many patients prefer to stick with a family doctor over a specialist for a variety of reasons. For one, a relationship can be developed because every family member probably goes to see the same practitioner for every ailment. This allows the medical provider and patients to bond and know each other’s history. This can be helpful to the patient because he or she feels comfortable with the family doc. This can be advantageous to the primary care physician because he or she understands the patterns within a family.




Go Green With LED Lighting

LED lighting is often overlooked in ‘green building’ literature while more expensive and less satisfactory environmental solutions are pursued. The purpose of this article is to discuss some of the benefits of LED lighting, and to argue that LED lighting should be considered an essential element of any ‘green’ building, house, or construction project. Let’s start with some of the benefits of LEDs. Pardon the list but there are so many it is difficult to work it into a paragraph.

LED lighting uses 80% less energy than incandescent lighting.

LED lighting produces 500% more light per Watt.

LED lights have lenses that focus the light into a pattern of equal distribution adding to energy savings as light is not wasted bouncing in unneeded directions.

LED lights do not produce as much heat. This can save on energy and maintenance costs.

LED lights do not emit significant UV or IR radiation. IR is back to the heat issue, and UV is something we generally try to avoid.

LED lights last 50,000 hours or about 25 times longer than incandescent lights. This saves obviously on maintenance and disposal.

LED lights do not contain mercury common in fluorescents.

The above is meant to be a list of environmental benefits. There are other aesthetic benefits of LEDs. For one the color temperature can be precisely controlled. Secondly, the lenses allow for better lighting rendition. This pretty much summarizes most of the benefits, and there are not any environmental risks posed by LEDs. I would simply note that while other green technologies may have some difficult drawbacks to overcome that the advantages of LED lighting are fairly strait forward and clear cut.

If there was an apparent drawback, at least from the consumer perspective, it would be the expense. An LED PAR38 12 Watt light can cost 10 times as much an incandescent light. In fact, however, the expense of LEDs is not a drawback at all. Once, energy and replacement costs are figured in the LED lights actually save money. Simply consider the cost of 24 extra replacements of the incandescent light. Then factor the extra energy use and its really not even close. We did not include that in the summer LEDs put less load on the air conditioning. Its clear the LED light ultimately saves money, but many are reluctant to purchase due to the longer term of the payback.

So if your convinced, and you want to ‘go LED’ what are some of the best products? In fact there is a broad spectrum of lighting possibilities. Everything from PAR lights to recessed ceiling lights are available all at costs that payback before too long. You should also consider the source of your LEDs. The best LEDs (in this authors opinion) are produced by CREE and SSC. CREE is a US company and SSC is in Korea. The LED fixtures may be made by any manufacturer but try to verify the source of the LEDs.

Finally, the real benefit of LEDs is that they are cool. Yes, they are not as hot as incandescent lights, but I mean they are cool. When you see the lights and what they do it is impressive. Considering how important lighting is LEDs represent the best solution and they are available today.


What’s the Difference? What’s Better?

There is an age once the only style of TV’s and computer monitors utilized were CRT (cathode ray tube) types, which made an impacting reputation

The domination of CRTs has expired today from the arrival of DLP, LED, LCD and Plasma TVs and monitors. I have read about LED-based lighting fixtures but LED monitors took me back. That is when I chose to dig deep and discover more in regards to what LED monitors are as well as how do they work. I recently found the fact that they have many similarities with LCD TVs and computer monitors. As a matter of fact, I came across that there’s a number of confusion regarding LED (Light Emitting Diode) and LCD (Liquid Crystal Display) monitors that needed clarification. That is what lead me to present a LED vs LCD comparison to clear out every one of the doubts.

LED Vs LCD Computer Monitor Review

Please let me begin this comparison between LED and LCD monitors through an explanation of fundamental differences between the two of these types.

LED Vs LCD Monitor: Basic Difference:

LED and LCD monitors depend on the same identical basic technology for image display screen but differ from the kind of backlighting used. While LCD monitors use cold cathode fluorescent lamps for backlighting, LED monitors use light emitting diodes. Right here is the main difference between the two display technologies. So LEDs are actually a type of LCD monitors.

Unlike CRT monitors that create their own light through cathode ray incidence on fluorescent materials, LCD displays would need to rely on external lighting because their display is generated through manipulation of light transferring through polarized liquid crystals. The backlighting affects picture quality substantially along with the light shed by LEDs offer remarkable picture quality when compared with LCDs.

This is due to LEDs offer much more gradation in intensity, giving a much truer color quality. A lot of these monitors offer a better dynamic contrast ratio too. So if you compare LED vs LCD monitor for gaming and other intensive graphic applications, LED monitors are surely superior choices. You may want to check out the best LED gaming monitor on the market, and LED TV vs LCD TV before choosing your own gaming monitor.

There are two forms of LED backlighting techniques that are currently used. One is RGB dynamic LED along with the other one is edge LED. The former form of backlighting uses LEDs placed at the rear of the Lcd Tv or gaming monitor screens, however the latter uses LEDs placed surrounding the monitor rim, from where light was made to diffuse behind the screen. Since LEDs are put around the rim on edge LED monitors, they are often a great deal more compact than regular LCDs.

LED Vs LCD Monitor: Power Usage

LED monitors would definitely be a very recently developed technology and are generally preferred over LCD monitors as a result of amazingly rich image quality and comfort of viewing. Yet another advantage that LED monitors have over LCD ones would be the power usage factor. LED monitors require a lot less power to operate than cold cathode fluorescent lamps. This trait can be assigned to the inherently low energy needs of each LED.



Trends in LED Luminaries

Light Emitting Diodes or popularly known as LEDs have made great improvements in the last decade. In fact, it has been a revolution in the world of electronics. It has also been estimated that the $2 billion LED light industry is going to grow 10 folds over in the decades to come infohatworld

Thanks to this technology, it has upgraded white goods, as well as ensured a safer and cost-effective lighting solution. Although the price was a concern in its initial days, but with more research the companies operating out of this space have successfully managed to bring down the cost.

As research and development in the field of LED technology increases, it seems like it will only become more advantageous to change to LEDs in the future.

LED Lighting has become a Choice for Many

There are several reasons why a LED luminary is becoming the number one choice for lighting fixtures. For instance, the electrical efficiency is far higher compared to the incandescent lamps. It is considered to be superior quality than even fluorescent lights.

Another reason is that the chips are capable of emitting in the range of 90-100 lumens per watt.

The ongoing research will ensure that the power saving capability of LED luminary is further enhanced.

Changing the Shape of LED Bulbs

Apart from the less complexity of the bulbs, LED will change the shape of the bulb to a great extent. The directional properties will ensure that the size and shape of the conventional bulb reduces to a great extent.

Today bulbs like incandescent bulb, halogen lamp, halide lamp, and fluorescent tube are big in size. Not only does it take more space in the wall, but at times it also doesn’t fit in well with the interiors.

LED technology’s latest breakthrough will further reduce the size of these bulbs and present the market with an array of smaller, sleek and stylish bulbs. This will successfully reduce the surface area of the bulb. Another great advantage is that due to its better directional properties, less LED bulbs will be able to illuminate a larger area. This is possible because the LEDs don’t require any special air.



Electronics Gadgets

Selling electronic gadgets can be a tricky business, because the products tend to be both physically fragile and can be prone to malfunction. One way to protect yourself is by using disclaimers LED Display

Article Ref: S01GDR

Customers could begin returning defective gadgets in large numbers – disclaimers can protect you from being liable for a replacement or refund.

You must also look at packaging and your transit company’s shipping warranties, as deficient products and services in this regard can lead to damaged goods reaching the customer.

Some issues that may require disclaimers include:
* Laws in different countries
* Electronic standards used in different countries,
* Different operational methods
* The difficulty of installation
* Potential health hazards

A Typical Disclaimer

Usually labelled as Terms & Conditions, Important Terms, Disclaimers, Warranty and Exchange Information, or something similar. It’s usual to use several disclaimers to cover as many of your requirements as possible:

* Condition of the item being sold. Condition of the packaging.
* Shipment restrictions – which countries will you ship to? Is there a shipping warranty?
* Recommendations for restrictions on the products use – not to be used around pets or by small children, for example.
* Accepted payment methods.
* Availability of refunds, exchanges and warranties.
* Legal restrictions on the products use.

Disclaimer Examples

The following are somewhat random examples of disclaimers, all taken from eBay. Obviously, you’ll have to tailor each disclaimer to each product and your own shipping/payment/warranty/restriction needs.

** GSM Cell phones:

Online electronics gadgets sellers often need to add disclaimer notices to their cell phones because not all GSM cell phone network uses the same frequency.

With the traditional 2G and 2.5G networks there were four main frequencies: 850MHz, 900MHz, 1800MHz and 1900MHz.

Phones that used 900MHz, and 1800MHz bands traditionally worked in most countries (with the exception of the US, North America and US territories) while 850MHz and 1900MHz phones traditionally worked in the US, North America and US territories.

The 3G system has further compounded matters by working on a different frequency and not being compatible with some phones being produced now.

A good disclaimer for GSM cell phones would read as follows:

NOTE: This product is compatible with GSM at the frequencies of 900MHz, 1800MHz. This cellphone will not work in North America.

** Radar Scanners:

While radar scanners are popular, it is illegal to buy, or use them.

This is largely because their main purpose is to identify speed cameras or police officers to avoid speeding tickets. This essentially explains both its illegality and its popularity.

To cover yourself include the following disclaimer:

NOTE: Certain countries prevent the use and ownership of these devices. You are solely responsible for finding out whether this product is legal to import and/or use in your country. We will send you the products you order and cannot accept any liability for customs issues or any implications of your ownership or usage of this device.